Skip navigation

Category Archives: Feline zoo

About the world of big and small cats.

“IF YOU LIKE MY SKIN SO MUCH GO PAINT YOURSELVES IN STRIPES.

THERE ARE JUST 1411 OF US LEFT.

SOON THERE WILL BE NONE.

BACHAO DOST!”

“ON THE NET YOU’LL FIND 28,800,000 TIGERS.

IN REALITY THERE ARE ONLY 1411 OF US LEFT

SOON WE’LL BECOME ZERO.

BACHAO DOST!”

” SOON I’LL BECOME EXTINCT. WE’RE JUST 1411 LEFT.

BACHAO DOST ! ”


leopard eyes

The name leopard is derived from the Dutch name ‘Luipaard’ which means ‘sneaky one’. The leopard is the smallest of the four big cats the other three being the lion, tiger and the jaguar.  Leopards are commonly confused with the cheetah. The difference lies in the head structure, size and spots. Leopards are more muscular and larger than the cheetahs.  The cheetah’s skin has plain spots while the leopard has rosettes.

leopard on tree

The leopard is agile and good at climbing trees and it also rests in high grass or underneath rocks. Its speed is 50 kmph. ( 36 mph) and the cat can easily jump up to 3 meters high and leap over 6 meters.

Habitat:

Leopards live mainly in grasslands, woodlands, and river side forests. They are said to be thriving in Sub-sahara Africa but are extinct in North Africa. They are also critically endangered species in central and S.E.Asia and China.

Leopards compete for food and safety with other animals such as the lions, tigers, hyenas and wild dogs. These larger cats also steal the leopards kill or eat their young. So, the leopards avoids these animals by hunting at different times in the day. But when prey is plenty there is no clas between these animals and they co-exist in peace.

1894345-Leopard_spots-Kruger_National_Park

actio

The leopard can eat anything from dung beetles, rodents, reptiles, monkeys, birds or fish. In Africa the mid-sized antelope is the leopards main prey. The leopard stalks its prey and suddenly pounces on it, strangling its throat with a quick bite. Then they hide their kill in thick vegetation or take them up the trees. Leopards are strong enough to carry weight three times their size.

Home Range:

Male home ranges stretch between 30-78 sq. kms. while the female ranges are only 15-16 sq. kms. Unlike Cheetahs, leopards male leopards don’t share or overlap their territories with each other. Sometimes, female ranges are completely withing a male range. Apart from mating, the leopard is a solitary animal and when male leopards meet, the encounters are aggressive.

This beautiful animal was once widely distributed from Africa, South Africa to Southern Asia and Korea. Small populations exist in Pakistan, India, China and Malaysia.  They are now a threatened species due to loss of habitat.

cubl eopard

Leopards mate all year round in warm regions like Asia or Africa. In cold regions like Manchuria or Siberia, the mating is seasonal – from Jan to Feb.

The pregnant mother gives birth to her cubs in a tree or rock crevice,caves and thickets. After 3 months the cubs begin to follow their mother and after 1 year they fend for themselves but remain with the mother for 18-24 months.

Man Eating:

Generally leopards keep away from humans because they can live on smaller prey. They only enter human settlements if they are sick, injured or unable to catch their regular prey. Once they turn to man-eating they are bolder than the other cats and are more dangerous when they enter human areas. They also hunt for livestock and dogs. The leopard has the advantage of being able to hide and stealthily attack with cunning and daring. It can also slip away that easily if it senses danger.

black panther

22/6/09 Monday     Zoo Notes

Considered more dangerous than a spotted leopard, the Black Panther is a black (melanistic) color species of larger cats which are known by the term panther in various parts of the world.

Melanin is a dark pigment that gives the cat a black and silky skin color

The name ‘Panther’ is popularly referred to a Black Panther. The black cat hunts mainly at night where its black skin color is a deadly advantage. They rarely venture out of their thick jungles.

Cartoon_Panther_Paws_B

Habitat:

Black Panthers are found in China, North West India and Southern Malaysia. However they are common in tropical Africa. In the American continents the Black Panther is known as a Cougar.

In Australia, the World War II soldiers brought back black panthers as mascots. Today Black Panther sightings have been reported in Victoria, New South Wales and Western Australia.

bhageera

mother-cheetah-and-baby-cheetah1

Female Cheetahs hunt in their Home ranges where cubs accompany them to learn hunting.

THE CHEETAH

The animal puts a super car to shame.

What makes a Cheetah the fastest animal on earth is its ability to accelerate from 0 – 110 Kmph in – 3 seconds. It can reach speeds from 112 to 120 Kmph ( 70 -75 Mph) in short bursts covering distances upto 1500 Ft. However it lacks in climbing ability. In the olden days aristocrats tamed Cheetahs who accompanied them likef hunting dogs to hunt antelopes.

HABITAT:

AFRICA – SW ASIA – INDIA-PAKISTAN -IRAN

Hiding in the tall grass or vegetation, the cheetah can suddenly dart   with an acceleration of 0-110 Kmph. in 3 seconds

Cheetahs are at home in prairies, semi-deserts, thick bush, savannahs, areas of thick vegetation, mountain terrains and grasslands.

Armed with lightening speed they hide in grass and vegetation before charging their prey .

Male Cheetahs:

Male cheetahs form social groups called coalitions. These coalitions keep territories for as long as 4 and 1/2 years and the area can vary from 37 Sq. Kms. to 160 Sq. Kms. Females also have their territories called HOME RANGES and these overlap with male territories. These overlapped areas are used by Males for mating. The territories are defended by Male Cheetahs who kill any intruder. The battles can be ferocious.

Female Cheetahs:

Female HOME RANGES are large and can stretch up to anywhere from 34 Sq. Kms. to 1500 Sq. Kms. depending on the type of territory they live in.

Unlike males, female cheetahs do not ESTABLISH territories. They just LIVE in their territories. They can overlap other Home Ranges of their mothers, sisters and daughters. Females hunt alone and their cubs accompany them to learn hunting after 3-4 weeks of their birth.

2005_0204_cheetah_cubs07

cheetah in grass

023cheetah2_468x285

TIGER. Save this beautiful animal:

They say that there are only 1500 tigers left in the country. Sad. What a beautiful creation of God you are my wonderful creature – the tiger ?

What we really need is a dedicated tiger protection force armed well enough to stop the poachers at site.

Now, that will never happen. Simply because a dead tiger is worth a lot of money. The day a  live tiger is worth more than a dead one, the poaching will stop.

All over the world there are billionaires who can come together to start a tiger zoo-park. Let them buy their personal tigers and put them there. At least the tigers can live well. The species will survive.

“Tiger tiger burning bright,

Prowling majestic in the night

What a beautiful sight

And you’re disappearing right?

So we are asking money men to use their might

So that you’re no more a poacher’s diet.

Tiger tiger burning bright

Keep prowling day and night”

water-tiger